The First Humans On Earth

Where did the earliest humans reside?

What transpired to them and how did they live? The evidence left by ancient humans is examined by scientists to provide answers to these issues. Although there are new and improved methods for historical research, there is still plenty we don’t understand.

For the most part, historians base their interpretations of the past on written records or documents. However, there are no documented accounts of humankind’s prehistory. In actuality, prehistory refers to the era before the invention of writing. Archaeological and, more recently, biological data provide the foundation of the prehistoric human tale.
This data is used by anthropologists and archaeologists to develop beliefs about the distant past.

what remains of individuals. Artifacts—things created by humans—are excavated and studied by archaeologists. Tools, weapons, works of art, and even early human constructions might be considered artifacts.
The study of human life and culture is known as anthropology. What people value, how they organize their society, and what they wear are all aspects of their culture. Human fossils and artifacts are used by anthropologists to paint a picture of daily life. A leaf imprint or skeleton are examples of fossils, which are the rock-like remnants of living things.
To conduct their research, anthropologists and archaeologists have created scientific methodologies. They excavate, or dig up land, at locations all around the world to find early human fossil remains, ancient towns, graveyards, and other artifacts.

Archaeologists can learn more about ancient cultures by looking at and analyzing these relics. These scientists discover about a society’s social and military institutions by researching artifacts like pottery, tools, and weaponry, for instance. The food and activities of early humans may be pieced together by examining bones, skins, and plant seeds. The task of dating a find is one of the most crucial and challenging tasks for both anthropologists and archaeologists.

Dating Artefacts and Fossils

Scientists can learn more about the early humans’ environment and living conditions by dating human remains and artifacts.
Radiocarbon dating is one technique for estimating age. A little quantity of radioactive carbon, or C-14, from the environment is absorbed by all living creatures. A live organism gradually loses C-14 when it passes away. By assessing the amount left in a thing, a scientist can compute its age. When applied to items that are no older than 50,000 years, this approach is correct.
Scientists may use thermo-luminescence to get quite accurate readings for artifacts from 200,000 years ago. The light emitted by electrons trapped in the soil around fossils and artifacts is measured in this.

Researchers can learn more by doing microscopic and biological examinations of organic residues on tools and weapons, such as blood, hairs, and plant cells. These studies have demonstrated that blood molecules may last for millions of years. We can learn more about people, their use of tools, and the animals they slaughtered thanks to a remarkable scientific finding. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) from the distant past is revealing fresh details about human evolution. The examination of plant remnants on stone implements reveals information on the development of farming. These methods all shed light on early peoples’ way of life.

Our research - Archaeology, University of York

Paleolithic Period

The capacity to create tools is one of the fundamental traits that sets humans apart from other creatures. The early stage of human history, from around 2,500,000 to 10,000 b.c., during which people employed basic stone tools, is referred to as the Paleolithic Age. The Paleolithic Age is also known as the Old Stone Age. The word “Paleolithic” is Greek meaning “old stone.”
Gathering and Hunting Humans have eaten regularly for hundreds of thousands of years via hunting and gathering. People living in the Paleolithic era were closely connected to their surroundings. They learned what plants to eat and what animals to hunt. They harvested green plants, wild grains, berries, fruits, and nuts from the wild.